Social and economic conditions

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94.750,9 ha
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61 km
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2691 species
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2319 species
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1995
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1. Ethnicity
There are 3 main ethnic groups in 3 districts of Pu Mat National Park: Thai, Kho Mu and Kinh. There are also some other ethnic groups such as: Ho Mong, Dan Lai, Poong, O Du, Tay but the number is not large. The Thai ethnic group has the largest ethnic group (accounting for 66.89%) and the least is the O Du ethnic group (accounting for 0.6%).
2. Population and labor (until April 2008)
The total population of 16 communes is 16,945 households with 93,235 people. Most of the population is distributed in 7 communes in Con Cuong district (39,419 people, 7,167 households) and 5 communes in Anh Son district (38,163 people, 6,938 households) and the rest in 4 communes of Tuong Duong district (15,753 people, 2,849 households), with an average of 3-6 people per household, population growth is a big pressure on the forest. The population in the area is unevenly distributed among communes, some communes with very low population such as Tam Hop commune, Tuong Duong district (7 people/km2), Chau Khe commune, Con Cuong district (13 people/km2) have secret communes. population is as high as Dinh Son commune (495 people/km2), Cam Son commune (421 people/km2) in Anh Son district.
Due to the uneven population, the labor force is also unevenly distributed and concentrated mainly in the lowland communes of Anh Son district. The local labor force is very large, but the structure of occupations in the region is very simple. Most are production activities Forestry, Agriculture, Livestock and poultry raising, a few people work in different fields such as Health, Education, Services. The surplus of labor and the difficult life made people come to Pu Mat National Park to exploit forest products.
Production forestry
Forestry programs are implemented as 327, 661. Currently, Anh Son district has assigned households and concentrated areas to rear, repair, care for, protect and plant 2,217 hectares of forest, Tuong Duong district has 8,305 ha, Con Cuong district has 30,280ha.
Afforestation work is also noticed, up to the present time. The planted forest area of Anh Son district is 2,853ha, Con Cuong is 3,350ha and Tuong Duong is 206ha. In addition to the concentrated planted forest area, the districts can also plant millions of scattered trees.
Within the NP, there are 3 State Forest Enterprises (Con Cuong Forest Enterprise, Anh Son Forest Enterprise and Tuong Duong Forest Enterprise), the main activities of these SFEs are to protect, supplement, enrich, and exploit forests.
Besides the communication activities of the Forest Enterprises in the region, it is also a service center for technology and seedlings for local people.

Economic development projects in the region
For communes in the buffer zone, the largest program on forestry (of the Government) is projects 327, 661. The 327 projects of sedentary settlement are implemented in 3 villages which are Co Phat, Khe Con, and Bung villages of the province. Mon Son commune.
In order to stabilize the population, plan the cultivation of fields, eliminate opium poppy. There are also other projects such as: Project on contracted forest land, management and protection of forest resources, population relaxation; upstream projects of Ca and Giang rivers funded by the Government of Hydropower; protection and exploitation of paper and fiber materials; projects on planting fruit trees such as (orange trees, longan, daffodils); projects on watershed forest protection, food support; projects to support livestock capital, plant varieties (rice, corn…); the project of planting industrial crops (pepper) of Anh Son district; project “Social Forestry and Conservation” in Nghe An province; feasible investment project to build Pu Mat National Park.
Activities affecting Pu Mat National Park:
For a long time, the lives of ethnic minorities here mainly depend on natural resources. The forest is a place to provide food, food, raw materials, medicinal plants… for people in the area since the NR was established, farming activities no longer exist. But forest product exploitation and hunting are still popular, people’s activities affecting forest resources and landscapes include:
– Clearing fields for farming causes forest fires.
– Illegal logging and firewood.
– Hunting fish with Mines, Crazy, poison in rivers and streams destroys the environment, destroys aquatic animal systems.
– Excessive grazing of livestock under the forest canopy.
– Other forest product exploitation activities such as: Taking Agarwood, Bamboo shoots, medicinal plants, Honey, taking Nua, ornamental plants…